Old Testament – Gen 13-14

Gen 13: 14 The Lord said to Abram after Lot had parted from him, “Look around from where you are, to the north and south, to the east and west. 15 All the land that you see I will give to you and your offspring[a] forever. 16 I will make your offspring like the dust of the earth, so that if anyone could count the dust, then your offspring could be counted. 17 Go, walk through the length and breadth of the land, for I am giving it to you.”


Gen 14 – Several kings band together in a rebellion against another set of kings, including the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah.

12 They also carried off Abram’s nephew Lot and his possessions, since he was living in Sodom.


14 When Abram heard that his relative had been taken captive, he called out the 318 trained men born in his household and went in pursuit as far as Dan. 15 During the night Abram divided his men to attack them and he routed them, pursuing them as far as Hobah, north of Damascus. 16 He recovered all the goods and brought back his relative Lot and his possessions, together with the women and the other people.

17 After Abram returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings allied with him, the king of Sodom came out to meet him in the Valley of Shaveh (that is, the King’s Valley).

18 Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was priest of God Most High, 19 and he blessed Abram, saying,

“Blessed be Abram by God Most High,
Creator of heaven and earth.
20 And praise be to God Most High,
who delivered your enemies into your hand.”

Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything.

21 The king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people and keep the goods for yourself.”

22 But Abram said to the king of Sodom, “With raised hand I have sworn an oath to the Lord, God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth, 23 that I will accept nothing belonging to you, not even a thread or the strap of a sandal, so that you will never be able to say, ‘I made Abram rich.’ 24 I will accept nothing but what my men have eaten and the share that belongs to the men who went with me—to Aner, Eshkol and Mamre. Let them have their share.”

KING & PRIEST– in ALL of the bible, there are only 2 people that were both King and Priest. No one was allowed to hold both offices at the same time. You were one or the other. The exceptions were Melchizedek, King of Salem and Priest of the Most High God, and Jesus, King of Kings and Lord of Lords, our High Priest who sacrificed Himself as the perfect payment for our sins.


Hebrews 6:13 – 8

6:13 – God made a promise to Abraham and he believed in the certainty of that promise. It is impossible for God to lie, and we take hold of that truth like an anchor that keeps our soul tied unmovable to Him.  Then, the writer of Hebrews starts talking about how Jesus is our High Priest forever, “in the order of Melchizedek”.

7 This Melchizedek was king of Salem and priest of God Most High. He met Abraham returning from the defeat of the kings and blessed him, and Abraham gave him a tenth of everything. First, the name Melchizedek means “king of righteousness”; then also, “king of Salem” means “king of peace.” Without father or mother, without genealogy, without beginning of days or end of life, resembling the Son of God, he remains a priest forever. Just think how great he was: Even the patriarch Abraham gave him a tenth of the plunder!

So the writer compares Jesus to Melchizedek. He was a priest before there was law, before there were Levites (the tribe who were the priests), and according to the Jews, Melchizedek had no beginning or end of life, and remains a priest forever. He was outside the line of Abraham. He was outside of all geneologies, he was eternal. The writer then quotes Psalm 110:4, a Psalm of David where David was addressing the coming Messiah, his Lord. the Messiah would be like Melchizedek, a priest outside of the priestly, Levitical line. He would be a perfect priest, an indestructible priest that would live forever, like Melchizedek.

21 “The Lord has sworn
and will not change his mind:
‘You are a priest forever.’”[b]

23 Now there have been many of those priests, since death prevented them from continuing in office; 24 but because Jesus lives forever, he has a permanent priesthood. 25 Therefore he is able to save completely[c] those who come to God through him, because he always lives to intercede for them.

26 Such a high priest truly meets our need—one who is holy, blameless, pure, set apart from sinners, exalted above the heavens. 27 Unlike the other high priests, he does not need to offer sacrifices day after day, first for his own sins, and then for the sins of the people. He sacrificed for their sins once for all when he offered himself.

Gen 15:

AFTER THIS: After Abram obeyed God by tithing to Melchizedek and not taking money from the King of Sodom, God gave him a vision.

“Do not be afraid, Abram.
I am your shield,[a]
your very great reward.[b]

But Abraham says, exactly what kind of reward can you give me? Not matter what you give me, it will be given away to a servant in my household who is not a relative because I don’t have a son.

Then the word of the Lord came to him: “This man will not be your heir, but a son who is your own flesh and blood will be your heir.” He took him outside and said, “Look up at the sky and count the stars—if indeed you can count them.” Then he said to him, “So shall your offspring[d] be.”

Abram believed the Lord, and he credited it to him as righteousness.

Romans 4:3

What does Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness.”

Galatians 3:6

So also Abrahambelieved God, and it was credited to him as righteousness.”

James 2:23

And the scripture was fulfilled that says, “Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness,” and he was called God’s friend.

He also said to him, “I am the Lord, who brought you out of Ur of the Chaldeans to give you this land to take possession of it.”

But Abram said, “Sovereign Lord, how can I know that I will gain possession of it?”

So the Lord said to him, “Bring me a heifer, a goat and a ram, each three years old, along with a dove and a young pigeon.”

10 Abram brought all these to him, cut them in two and arranged the halves opposite each other; the birds, however, he did not cut in half. 11 Then birds of prey came down on the carcasses, but Abram drove them away.

Then God caused him to fall into a deep sleep, and God prophesied about the 400 years of slavery in Egypt when Moses would become God’s deliverer for the nation of Israel. Then a smoking firepot and torch and passed by themselves between the pieces of the animals. God CUT A COVENANT with Abram.


This was a ONE-SIDED COVENANT that had no restrictions on it. If it is a two party covenant, both people walk through it, because both have responsibilities to uphold in the contract. But God put Abram to sleep so he couldn’t walk through it, and the covenant would be completely up to God to uphold.  So that basically means that Abram couldn’t mess up this covenant – God would keep his end of the bargain no matter what.